The Strategic President: Persuasion and
Governing by Campaigning: The Politics of the Bush Presidency (Longman, 2006). 2nd edition, 2007.
Why the Electoral College Is Bad for
On Deaf Ears: The Limits of the Bully Pulpit (
Presidential Approval (Johns Hopkins University Press, 1990).
At the Margins: Presidential Leadership of Congress (Yale University Press, 1989).
The Public Presidency (St. Martin’s, 1983).
Implementing Public Policy (Congressional Quarterly Press, 1980).
Presidential Influence in Congress (W. H. Freeman, 1980).
The Policy Predicament (W. H. Freeman, 1978), co-author.
The Oxford Handbook of the American Presidency (Oxford University Press, forthcoming), co-editor.
The Polarized Presidency of George W. Bush (Oxford University Press, 2007), co-editor.
New Challenges for the American Presidency (Longman, 2004), co-editor.
Researching the Presidency (University of Pittsburgh Press, 1993), co-editor.
National Security and the
The Presidency and Public Policy Making (University of Pittsburgh Press, 1985), co-editor.
Public Policy Implementation (JAI Press, 1984), editor.
Studying the Presidency (University of Tennessee Press, 1983), co-editor.
Perspectives on Public Policy-Making (Tulane, 1975), co-editor.
Presidential Leadership: Politics and Policy Making, co-author, 7 editions through 2008.
Government in America, co-author, 13 editions through 2008.
Government in America, brief edition, co-author, 9 editions through 2008.
Selected Articles and Essays:
“Interview with President Jimmy Carter,” Presidential Studies Quarterly 38 (March 2008): 1-13.
“Why Not the Best? The Loyalty − Competence Trade-Off in Presidential Appointments,” in G. Calvin Mackenzie, ed., Innocent until Nominated (Brookings Institution, 2001).
“Presidential Agenda Setting in Congress,” in Jon R. Bond and Richard Fleisher, eds., Polarized Politics: Congress and the President in a Partisan Era (Congressional Quarterly, 2000).
“Who Influences Whom? The President, Congress, and the Media,” American Political Science Review 93 (June 1999): 327-344.
“Aligning Tests with Theory: Presidential Approval as a Source of Influence in Congress,” Congress and the Presidency 24 (Fall 1997): 113-130.
“The Legislative Impact of Divided Government,” American Journal of Political Science 41 (April 1997): 545-563.
“Who Rallies? The Anatomy of a Rally Event,” Journal of Politics 59 (February 1997): 200-12.
“Presidential Rhetoric: What Difference Does It Make”? in Martin J. Medhurst, ed., The Future of the Rhetorical Presidency (Texas A&M University Press, 1996).
“Explaining Presidential Approval: The Significance of Issue Salience,” American Journal of Political Science 39 (February 1995): 108-134.
“George Washington’s Leadership of Congress: Director or Facilitator?” Congress and the Presidency 18 (Autumn 1991).
“Presidential Influence in Congress: If We Ask the Wrong Questions, We Get the Wrong Answers,” American Journal of Political Science 35 (August 1991).
“Measuring Presidential Success in Congress: Alternative Approaches,” Journal of Politics, 47 (May 1985).
“Presidential Electoral Performance as a Source of Presidential Power,” American Journal of Political Science, February 1978.
“Presidential Influence in the House: Presidential Prestige as a Source of Presidential Power,” American Political Science Review, 70 (March 1976).